Part 3 - The Lists

The
True Hall of Famers - The Five Levels of Greatness

The
Hall of Fame Pitchers - The Four Categories of Excellence

The
25 Best Careers at Each Position

The
Hall of Famers Who Do Not Have HOF Numbers

The
Position Players with HOF Numbers – Not Yet in the Hall

The
Pitchers with HOF Numbers – Not Yet in the Hall

The
140 Best Players of the Modern Era (1920 to Present)

The
Complete CAWS Ranking for Position Players

The
Complete CAWS Ranking for Pitchers

**The
Hall of Fame Pitchers: The Four Categories
of Excellence**

*Michael
Hoban, Ph.D.*

In the previous section, I presented the 5
Levels of Greatness for the 20^{th} century **position
players who
posted Hall of Fame numbers** during their careers (since 1901) – according to the CAWS CAREER GAUGE. We saw that there are one hundred fifteen
(115) such players.

I will now present the 4 Categories of
Excellence for the 20^{th} century **pitchers who posted HOF
numbers**
during their playing days. We will see
that there are fifty-one (51) such pitchers.

The CCG has
separated those 20^{th}
century pitchers who have Hall of Fame numbers into four categories depending on
their CAWS score and
innings pitched (that
is, according to their career numbers).
We will look at these pitchers in the pages that follow. The lists of pitchers will include those who
are in the Hall of Fame and those who have the numbers but are not yet
inducted.

For
example, we will
see that Bob Gibson, Juan Marichal and Sandy Koufax were all great
pitchers who
had Hall of Fame numbers during their careers.
But Bob
Gibson’s career
numbers establish him as a Category 1 pitcher while Juan Marichal had a Category 2 career and Sandy Koufax a Category 3
career.

Here are
the four
categories of major league pitchers (who actually posted HOF numbers)
and the number
of pitchers in each category – a total of fifty-one (51) players.

**Category
1** – Pitchers with a CAWS score >
260 =
20

**Category
2** – Pitchers with a CAWS score <
260 and > 235 =
15

Pitchers
with CAWS < 235 but with CWS > 300 = 4

**Category
3** – Pitchers with a CAWS score >
180 in Fewer than 2400 Innings = 7

**Category
4** – Pitchers with a CAWS score >
150 in Fewer than 1500 Innings = 5

Category 1 -
Pitchers with a CAWS score > 260

Since
1901, there have
been only twenty (20) pitchers who attained a CAWS career score of 260 or
better. These are the 20^{th}
century’s best
major league starting pitchers.

Pitchers
who pitched
predominantly in the Deadball Era (1901-1919) are designated by an
asterisk
(*). Since many pitchers in that
time-frame pitched many more innings than in the modern era (1920 to
present),
the comparison between pitchers from the two eras may not be entirely
appropriate.

Bold
= Hall of Famer

CV
=
Core Value (sum of win shares for 10 best seasons)

CAWS =
Career Assessment/Win Shares
= CV +
.25(CWS – CV)

**
CWS
CV
CAWS**

** 1.
Walter Johnson*
(1907-1927)
560
380
425**

** 2.
Pete Alexander*
(1911-1930)
476
331
367**

** 3.
Christy Mathewson*
(1900-1916)
426
335
358**

** 4.
Lefty Grove
(1925-1941)
391
301
324**

5.
Roger Clemens
(1984-2007)
432
260
303

** 6.
Warren Spahn
(1942-1965)
412
259
297**

** 7.
Tom Seaver
(1967-1986)
388
255
288**

** 8.
Eddie Plank*
(1901-1917)
361
259
285**

** 9.
Greg Maddux
(1986-2008)
398
246
284
**

**10. Gaylord Perry
****(1962-1983)**
**369
243
275**

**11. Bob Gibson
(1959-1975)
317
258
273**

**12. Mordecai
Brown*
(1903-1916)
296
264
272**

**13. Steve Carlton
(1965-1988)
366
240
272**

**14. Phil Niekro
(1964-1987)
374
235
270**

**15. Joe
McGinnity*
(1899-1908)
269
269
269**

**16. Robin Roberts
(1948-1966)
339
246
269**

**17. Jim Palmer
(1965-1984)
312
252
267**

**18. Vic Willis*
(1898-1910)
293
257
266**

**19. Carl Hubbell
(1928-1943)
305
248
262**

**20. Ed Walsh*
(1904-1917)
265
259
261**

For most serious
fans, this list will hold very few surprises although there may be one
or two
names from the deadball era that may not be too familiar.

Some observations:

- Cy Young’s career bridged the 19
^{th}and 20^{th}centuries. But the majority of his accomplishments took place in the 19^{th}century – so he is not included here. - You will note that eight of these twenty
pitchers pitched predominantly in the deadball era.
This does appear to be a disproportionate number. As noted above, this is almost certainly due
in part to the fact that pitchers tended to pitch many more innings in
that era.
- Four of these pitchers attained a CAWS score
> 260 even though they did not have 300 career win shares (and all
were from the deadball era): Mordecai Brown, Joe McGinnity, Vic Willis
and Ed Walsh. This was also due to the
fact that they were able to earn more win shares per season because
they pitched relatively more innings per season. All
of the pitchers in Category 1 from the modern era have more than 300
CWS.
- As you might expect, all of these pitchers
are in the Hall of Fame - except for Roger Clemens.
- Note that Roger Clemens has the best career
numbers for any right-handed pitcher of the modern era.
Whether those numbers were earned fairly or with the help of
performance enhancing drugs is another question.
- All 20 of these pitchers have a core value
(CV) of 235 or better. That means that
each one averaged better than 23 win shares for his ten best seasons. That is a remarkable achievement for a pitcher.

Category 2 contains
the names of nineteen (19) more pitchers who posted HOF numbers during
the
century. This category has two distinct
groups:

- 15 pitchers with CAWS score < 260 and >
235
- 4 pitchers with
CAWS score < 235 and CWS > 300

As (b) above
implies, the CAWS CAREER GAUGE suggests that any major league pitcher
who earns
300 win shares in his career certainly has Hall of Fame numbers.

**Category 2 (a)
- Pitchers with a CAWS score <
260 and > 235**

**
CWS
CV CAWS**

**21. Fergie
Jenkins
(1965-1983)
323
233
256**

**22. Randy
Johnson
(1988-2009)
326
230
254**

**23. Bob
Feller (1936-1956)
292
239
252**

**24. Bert
Blyleven
(1970-1992)
339
218
248**

25. Wilbur
Cooper*
(1912-1926)
266
239
246

**26. Burleigh
Grimes
(1916-1934)
286
231
245**

**27. Hal
Newhouser
(1939-1955)
264
234
242 **

28. Jack Powell*
(1897-1912)
287
227
242

**CWS
CV
CAWS**

**29. Eppa
Rixey
(1912-1933)
315
217
242**

**30. Red
Ruffing
(1924-1947)
322
212
240**

**31. Early
Wynn
(1939-1963)
309
217
240**

**32. Juan
Marichal
(1960-1975)
263
229
238 **

33. Carl Mays
(1915-1929)
256
230
237

**34. Ted
Lyons
(1923-1946)
312
210
236**

**35. Stan
Covaleski
(1912-1928)
245
231
235 **

**Category 2 (b)
- Pitchers with CAWS score < 235
and CWS
> 300**

**Tom Glavine
(1987-2008)
314
203
231 **

**Nolan Ryan
(1966-1993)
334
191
227**

**Don Sutton
(1966-1988)
319
187
220**

**Dennis Eckersley
(1975-1998)
301
183
213**

Some observations:

- Only four pitchers in Categories 1 and 2 have
been eligible and are not in the Hall of Fame: Wilbur Cooper, Jack
Powell, Carl Mays and Roger Clemens. Cooper
and Powell happen to be the only two in Category 2 from the deadball
era and Mays pitched shortly after that era.
- All of the pitchers in Categories 1 and 2 who pitched since 1930 and have been eligible
are now in Cooperstown (except Clemens).
- Roger Clemens, of course, has been tainted by
the “steroids scandal.” And the recent
voting history of the BBWAA seems to indicate that no “steroids abuser”
will ever be elected to the Hall. Only time will tell.
- Note that only three of these pitchers did
not attain a core value (CV) of 200 or better: Nolan Ryan, Don Sutton
and Dennis Eckersley. I think it is fair
to say that their place in Cooperstown owes as much to the longevity of
their careers than to any other single factor. Each
of them pitched in the majors for at least twenty-three seasons.

These thirty-nine
(39) Category 1 and 2 pitchers all have Hall of Fame numbers. And there are twelve (12) more 20^{th}
century pitchers who also had outstanding careers.

What we will see is that these twelve pitchers
did not pitch as many career innings as those in Categories 1 and 2 but
still
managed to turn in such outstanding numbers that they have clearly
earned a
place in the Hall of Fame.

Of the twelve (12) pitchers in Categories 3
and 4, six are in the Hall of Fame and four are not yet eligible. Only two have been snubbed so far and both
are relief pitchers: Lee Smith and Dan Quisenberry.

The CAWS CAREER GAUGE has identified two
standards to determine who has HOF numbers in Categories 3 and 4. Each of these accomplishments is judged to be
worthy of induction into the Hall.

**Category
3** – Pitchers with a CAWS score >
180 in Fewer than 2400 Innings = 7

**Category
4** – Pitchers with a CAWS score >
150 in Fewer than 1500 Innings = 5

When dealing with
pitchers, it is essential to recognize the importance of taking into
account
the fact that there have been some truly outstanding pitchers who have
established very impressive numbers in a relatively short period of
time. And, of course, to also recognize
that relief
specialists are going to pitch much fewer innings than starters.

**Therefore,
it is imperative to study the numbers very
carefully in order to recognize (and to honor) the pitchers who fit
into these
two groups. And I think the CCG has done
this.**

**Category 3 - Pitchers with a CAWS score >
180 in
Fewer than 2400 Innings**

Bold
= Hall of Famer

CV
=
Core Value (sum of win shares for 10 best seasons)

CAWS =
Career Assessment/Win Shares
= CV +
.25(CWS – CV)

IP =
Innings Pitched

*= Deadball Era

In the entire 20^{th}
century, I have found only seven (7) pitchers who do not qualify for
Categories
1 and 2 but who do satisfy the standard for Category 3.
**And every one of these pitchers who has
been eligible has been elected to the Hall.
**(I should also note that Mariano Rivera who is in Category 4
would
also qualify here.)

**Pedro Martinez
2297
224
200
206**

**Addie Joss*
2327
191
191
191
**

**Sandy Koufax
2324
194
190
191 **

**Hoyt Wilhelm 2254
256
168
190**

**Goose Gossage
1809
223
173
186 **

Roy Halladay
2297
194
183
186** **

**Dizzy Dean
1967
181
180
180 **

**
**

These numbers represent career
numbers for each pitcher with the exception of Pedro Martinez and Roy
Halladay. For Martinez and Halladay,
they represent their career totals through thirteen seasons (that is,
2004 for
Pedro and 2010 for Halladay).

That is, each of these two
recent pitchers took only thirteen seasons to establish HOF pitching
credentials.

Five of these great
pitchers were starters during their careers.
But Hoyt Wilhelm and Goose Gossage achieved their greatest
recognition
as relief pitchers.

In Category 4, we
honor those “true” relief pitchers who had really outstanding careers. That is, those few relief pitchers who were
able
to post a CAWS score of 150 in fewer than 1500 innings.
This is a very tough standard. As
you can see, only five relievers have met
this standard.

**Category 4 - Pitchers with a CAWS score >
150 in
Fewer than 1500 Innings**

Mariano Rivera
1211
255
175
195

Lee Smith
1289
198
152
164

Dan Quisenberry
1043
157
155
156

**
**

These are the **only** relievers
of the 20^{th}
century who satisfy these criteria.

One look at Mariano
Rivera’s numbers would appear to bear testimony to the fact that he is **the best pure reliever in history**. His
numbers really are far superior to any
one else in this category.

Bruce Sutter is the
only one on the list who is already in Cooperstown.
Lee Smith is still on the BBWAA ballot. Mariano
and Billy Wagner are not yet
eligible. Only Dan Quisenberry in this
group has been passed over completely.

Just for comparison
purposes, I list here a few other very good relievers.
None of these pitchers reached the CAWS
standard for HOF numbers.

John Franco
1246
183
128
142

Mike Marshall
1387
146
139
141

Kent Tekulve
1436
159
135
141

Note that Trevor
Hoffman, despite all of his saves, still does not quite make the mark.

These then are the
twelve (12) pitchers who qualify for Categories 3 and 4.
These twelve together with the thirty-nine
(39) pitchers in Categories 1 and 2 represent **the
fifty-one (51) 20 ^{th} century pitchers who have Hall of
Fame numbers according to the CAWS CAREER GAUGE.**

It is interesting to note that of these
fifty-one pitchers *only four have so far
been passed over completely for induction into the Hall*: Wilbur
Cooper,
Jack Powell and Carl Mays (all of whom pitched before 1930) and Dan
Quisenberry.

*Michael
Hoban, Ph.D is Professor Emeritus of mathematics at the City University
of N.Y. He
has been an avid baseball fan
for over 60 years and has become a serious baseball analyst, since
joining SABR (Society for American Baseball Research) in 1998. He is the author of five baseball
books including: *DEFINING
GREATNESS: A Hall of Fame Handbook (Booklocker, 2012)*
BASEBALL'S
COMPLETE PLAYERS (McFarland: 2000) and FIELDER'S
CHOICE (Booklocker: 2003). *