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Baseball Analysis  Michael Hoban, Ph.D

  Part 3 - The Lists
The True Hall of Famers - The Five Levels of Greatness
The Hall of Fame Pitchers - The Four Categories of Excellence
The 25 Best Careers at Each Position
The Hall of Famers Who Do Not Have HOF Numbers
The Position Players with HOF Numbers – Not Yet in the Hall
The Pitchers with HOF Numbers – Not Yet in the Hall
The 140 Best Players of the Modern Era (1920 to Present)
The Complete CAWS Ranking for Position Players
The Complete CAWS Ranking for Pitchers



The 140 Best Players of the Modern Era

Michael Hoban, Ph.D.

Why 140? 

 

Well, how many players do you think from the modern era of baseball actually posted Hall of Fame numbers during their playing careers?  The answer is 140. 

 

Yes, that is the exact number of players who have posted Hall of Fame numbers on the playing field in the modern era according to the CAWS CAREER GAUGE.  One hundred (100) of those are position players and forty (40) are pitchers.

 

I am defining the “modern era” as 1920 to the present.  That would exclude all 19th century players.  It also excludes those who played in the “deadball era (1901-1919) such as Ty Cobb and Honus Wagner.

 

 

According to the CCG (as indicated above), there are only 100 position players who have posted HOF numbers on the playing field in the modern era.  (A player must have played for at least ten full seasons to have a CAWS score.)  Here are those players.

 

 

The List of the 100 Position Players from the Modern Era with HOF Numbers

 

 

All numbers include the 2014 season.

Bold  =  Hall of Famer

Italic  =  Active Player in 2014                                                                      

CWS  =  Career Win Shares

CV      =  Core Value (sum of win shares for 10 best seasons)

CAWS  =  Career Assessment/Win Shares  =  CV  +  .25(CWS – CV)

 

 

                                                                        CWS               CV               CAWS

 

 1.  Babe Ruth                        RF                   756                  460                  534

 2.  Barry Bonds                      LF                   707                  427                  497

 3.  Willie Mays                      CF                   642                  389                  452

 4.  Mickey Mantle                 CF                   565                  399                  441

 5.  Stan Musial                      LF                   604                  378                  435

 6.  Ted Williams                    LF                   555                  394                  434

 7.  Hank Aaron                     RF                   643                  356                  428                 

 8.  Rogers Hornsby              2B                   502                  381                  411

 9.  Lou Gehrig                      1B                   489                  384                  410

10.  Joe Morgan                     2B                   512                  341                  384

 

                                                                        CWS               CV               CAWS

 

11.  Mel Ott                            RF                   528                  335                  383

12.  Mike Schmidt                 3B                   467                  338                  370

13.  Albert Pujols                    1B                    429                  347                  368

14.  Alex Rodriguez                 SS                    480                  330                  368

15.  Frank Robinson             RF                   519                  316                  367

16.  Pete Rose                         LF                   547                  307                  367

17.  Rickey Henderson          LF                   535                  308                  365

18.  Eddie Mathews               3B                   450                  333                  362

19.  Jimmie Foxx                   1B                   435                  325                  353

20.  Joe DiMaggio                  CF                   387                  325                  341

 

21.  Carl Yastrzemski           LF                   488                  286                  337

22.  Gary Sheffield                 LF                   430                  305                  336     

23.  Paul Waner                     RF                   423                  304                  334

24.  Reggie Jackson               RF                   444                  296                  333

25.  George Brett                   3B                   432                  296                  330

26.  Craig Biggio                    2B                   428                  294                  328     

27.  Frank Thomas                DH                  405                  301                  327                 

28.  Arky Vaughan               SS                    356                  308                  320

29.  Wade Boggs                    3B                   394                  291                  317

30.  Chipper Jones                   3B                   423                  281                  317  

 

31.  Willie McCovey              1B                   408                  285                  316

32.  Dick Allen                        1B                   342                  304                  314

33.  Eddie Murray                 1B                   437                  273                  314

34.  Cal Ripken Jr                 SS                    427                  276                  314

35.  Robin Yount                   SS                    423                  278                  314

36.  Jeff Bagwell                     1B                   388                  287                  312     

37.  Al Kaline                         RF                   443                  268                  312

38.  Derek Jeter                       SS                    415                  275                  310

39.  Ken Griffey Jr                  CF                   403                  278                  309

40.  Johnny Mize                   1B                   339                  296                  307

 

41.  Charlie Gehringer          2B                   383                  280                  306

42.  Paul Molitor                    DH                  414                  270                  306

43.  Duke Snider                    CF                   352                  289                  305

44.  Tim Raines                       LF                   390                  275                  304

45.  Harmon Killebrew         1B                   374                  279                  303

46.  Billy Williams                  LF                   374                  279                  303

47.  Roberto Alomar             2B                   375                  278                  302

48. Miguel Cabrera                 1B                    324                  295                  302

49.  Luke Appling                 SS                    378                  275                  301

50.  Yogi Berra                      C                    375                  276                  301

 

                                                                        CWS               CV               CAWS

 

51.  Al Simmons                     LF                   375                  276                  301

52.  Jim Thome                        1B                   392                  270                  301  

53.  Mark McGwire                1B                   342                  283                  298

54.  Dave Winfield                 RF                   415                  259                  298     

55.  Johnny Bench                 C                    356                  277                  297

56.  Roberto Clemente          RF                   377                  269                  296

57.  Manny Ramirez                LF                   394                  263                  296

58.  Ryne Sandberg               2B                   346                  278                  295

59.  Tony Gwynn                  RF                   398                  269                  294

60.  Joe Cronin                      SS                    333                  275                  290

 

61.  Rafael Palmeiro                1B                   387                  257                  290

62.  Willie Stargell                 LF                   370                  263                  290

63.  Rod Carew                     2B                   384                  257                  289

64.  Harry Heilmann             RF                   356                  267                  289

65.  Ron Santo                       3B                   324                  275                  287

66.  Goose Goslin                   LF                   355                  263                  286

67.  Mike Piazza                      C                    325                  273                  286

68. Lance Berkman                 1B                   311                  276                  285

69.  Lou Brock                       LF                   348                  264                  285

70. Vladimir Guerrero             RF                   333                  269                  285

 

71.  Frankie Frisch                2B                   366                  256                  284

72.  Gary Carter                    C                    337                  263                  282

73.  Darrell Evans                   3B                   363                  253                  281

74.  Barry Larkin                  SS                    347                  258                  280

75.  Jimmy Wynn                    CF                   305                  269                  278

76.  Richie Ashburn              CF                   329                  257                  275

77.  Jeff Kent                          2B                   339                  252                  274

78.  Brooks Robinson            2B                   356                  247                  274 

79.  Carlton Fisk                    C                    368                  240                  272

80.  Bobby Grich                    2B                   329                  253                  272

 

81.  Earl Averill                     CF                   280                  268                  271     

82.  Stan Hack                         3B                   316                  256                  271

83.  Ernie Banks                    SS                    332                  247                  268     

84.  Robinson Cano                2B                    263                  263                  263

85.  Hank Greenberg             1B                   267                  262                  263     

86.  PeeWee Reese                 SS                    314                  246                  263

87.  Ivan Rodriguez                   C                    345                  234                  262

88.  Joe Torre                         C                    315                  244                  262     

89.  Lou Whitaker                   2B                   351                  232                  262

90.  Lou Boudreau                SS                    277                  255                  261

                       

 

                                                                        CWS               CV               CAWS

 

91.  Bill Terry                        1B                   278                  255                  261     

92.  Larry Doby                     CF                   268                  257                  260

93.  Ted Simmons                   C                    315                  240                  259     

94.  Alan Trammell                 SS                    318                  238                  258

95.  Jackie Robinson             2B                   257                  257                  257

96.  Mickey Cochrane           C                    275                  250                  256     

97.   Kirby Puckett                CF                   281                  247                  256     

98.   Bill Dickey                      C                    314                  235                  255                 

99.   Gabby Hartnett             C                    325                  229                  253

100.   Ozzie Smith                  SS                    325                  226                  251     

 

 

The List of the 40 Pitchers from the Modern Era with HOF Numbers

 

All numbers include the 2014 season.

Bold  =  Hall of Famer

CWS  =  Career Win Shares

CV      =  Core Value (sum of win shares for 10 best seasons)

CAWS  =  Career Value  =  CV  +  .25(CWS – CV)

 

 

Starting Pitchers: CAWS = 235 (25)

 

                                                                                   CWS                CV               CAWS

 

 1.  Lefty Grove                     (1925-1941)                391                  301                  324

 2.  Roger Clemens                  (1984-2007)                432                  260                  303

 3.  Warren Spahn                 (1942-1965)                412                  259                  297

 4.  Tom Seaver                      (1967-1986)                388                  255                  288

 5.  Greg Maddux                  (1986-2008)                398                  246                  284

 6.  Gaylord Perry                 (1962-1983)                369                  243                  275

 7.  Bob Gibson                      (1959-1975)                317                  258                  273

 8.  Steve Carlton                   (1965-1988)                366                  240                  272

 9.  Phil Niekro                       (1964-1987)                374                  235                  270

10.  Robin Roberts                (1948-1966)                339                  246                  269

11.  Jim Palmer                      (1965-1984)                312                  252                  267

12.  Carl Hubbell                   (1928-1943)                305                  248                  262

13.  Fergie Jenkins                (1965-1983)                323                  233                  256

14.  Randy Johnson              (1988-2009)                326                  230                  254

                                                                                  CWS                 CV               CAWS

 

15.  Bob Feller                       (1936-1956)                292                  239                  252

16.  Bert Blyleven                  (1970-1992)                339                  218                  248

17. Burleigh Grimes              (1916-1934)                286                  231                  245

18. Hal Newhouser                (1939-1955)                264                  234                  242     

19. Eppa Rixey                      (1912-1933)                315                  217                  242

20. Red Ruffing                     (1924-1947)                322                  212                  240

21. Early Wynn                     (1939-1963)                309                  217                  240

22. Juan Marichal                 (1960-1975)                263                  229                  238     

23. Carl Mays                          (1915-1929)                256                  230                  237     

24. Ted Lyons                        (1923-1946)                312                  210                  236

25. Stan Covaleski                 (1912-1928)                245                  231                  235     

 

 

 

Pitchers with 300 Win Shares but CAWS < 235 (4)

 

 

                                                            CWS               CV               CAWS

 

Tom Glavine                                      314                  203                  231                 

Nolan Ryan                                        334                  191                  227

Don Sutton                                         319                  187                  220

Dennis Eckersley                               301                  183                  213

 

 

 

Pitchers with a CAWS Score of 180 with fewer than 2400 Innings Pitched (6)

 

                                      IP                  CWS               CV               CAWS

 

Pedro Martinez         2297                224                  200                  206

Sandy Koufax           2324                194                  190                  191     

Hoyt Wilhelm            2254                256                  168                  190

Goose Gossage           1809                223                  173                  186     

Roy Halladay              2297                194                  183                  186     

Dizzy Dean                 1967                181                  180                  180                 

 

For the four Hall of Fame pitchers, these are career numbers. 

For Pedro Martinez and Roy Halladay, they each achieved this benchmark after thirteen seasons (Pedro in 2004 and Halladay in 2010).

 

 

 

 

Pitchers with a CAWS Score of 150 with fewer than 1500 Innings Pitched – The Pure Relievers (5)

 

 

                                      IP                  CWS               CV               CAWS  
           

Mariano Rivera           1211                255                  175                  195     

Lee Smith                    1289                198                  152                  164

Bruce Sutter              1042                168                  163                  164                 

Billy Wagner               903                 182                  151                  159

Dan Quisenberry         1043                157                  155                  156                 

 

           

These are the only relievers of the 20th century who satisfy these criteria. 

 

One look at Mariano Rivera’s numbers would appear to bear testimony to the fact that he is the best pure reliever in history.


Michael Hoban, Ph.D is Professor Emeritus of mathematics at the City University of N.Y.  He has been an avid baseball fan for over 60 years and has become a serious baseball analyst, since joining SABR (Society for American Baseball Research) in 1998.  He is the author of five baseball books including:  DEFINING GREATNESS: A Hall of Fame Handbook (Booklocker, 2012)   BASEBALL'S COMPLETE PLAYERS (McFarland: 2000) and FIELDER'S CHOICE (Booklocker: 2003). 

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